Wari Bateshwar 

Wari-Bateshwar is an archaeological site located in Belabo Upazila in Norshingdi and in Shibpur Upazila’s neighbouring village Wari and Bateshwar. It is believed that it is a fortress located under the ground. According to carbon testing, the origin of this city dates back to 450 BC to 2000BC (Or earlier) during the era of Maurya dynasty.

This archaeological site is significant for three reasons.

Firstly, it was a contemporary of 6th-4th century BCE in the contemporary Magadha, Kashi, Kosala, archaeological burg. It is believed that it was a state and Wari-Bateshwar was the capital of that state. Dilip Kumar Chakraborty, chief professor at the University of Cambridge, said that Wari-Bateshwar might be the capital of that state.

Secondly, Wari-Bateshwar is linked with Silk-Route (the road was an ancient trade route) and it was connected to ancient Roman and Egyptian civilization. A rolled pot, which is the Mediterranean, wired or bronze pottery, found on the site testifies that trade was a prevalent custom at that time. Professor Dilip Kumar Chakrabarty of the South Asian Archeology Department at Cambridge University thinks that Wari-Bateshwar was in touch with Southeast Asia and the Roman Empire.

Thirdly, pit-dwelling (pit-house) is another amazing discovery of Wari-Bateswar. This is like a storeroom for food preservation settlements and a living room as well. Similar settlement elements have been discovered in Imamgaon, Maharashtra, India.

“Human settlement started in the Wari-Bateshwar region since prehistoric period. The region experienced Chalcolithic culture e.g. pit-dwelling and enjoyed the status of the earliest state in Bangladesh during circa 6th century BC. It was a port-city on the bank of the river Old Brahmaputra. Wari-Bateshwar had commercial relation with South-east Asia and the Mediterranean region. It is assumed that Wari-Bateshwar was the Gangaridie nation or state, which was contemporary to the Alexander of Macedonia”.

It’s clear that Wari-Bateshwar is the accurate archaeological object of the settlement stone age, the Neolithic era and the early historic era. In 1930, Muhammad Hanif Pathan started collecting archaeological artifacts and later Muhammad Habibullah Pathan started to do research on these sites. After 1996, this place was taken for an archaeological survey and later on Professor Sufi Mustafizur Rahman began his hunt for further details.