The Chakmas are the largest tribe of Bangladesh. Buddhism is the most common religion within the tribe. They refer to their tribal chief as Chakma Raja or Sardar. Chakmas are considered more privileged than most other tribal Bangladeshi tribes. They have their own language, culture, tradition, and history. Women wear pinon and khadi (handmade) and men wear dhuti. They grow crops via a special eco-friendly method called ” Karpas Jhum cultivation”. They migrated to Bangladesh in the 15th century.The most of them are living in Chittagong Hill Tracts. Approximate 500,000 Chakma People live in Bangladesh.

Bizhu is the most important socio-religious festival of the Chakma.