The Tanchangya people are one of 13 (Some refers 14) indigenous ethnic communities living in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT).Tanchangya are the fourth largest ethinic groip in Bangladesh

Tanchangya peoples have been living in CHT since its prehistoric age. Nowadays Tanchangya peoples live Mainly in in Rangamati, Bandarban areas of Bangladesh. Tanchangyas also live in North-east Indian states (Assam, Tripura and Mizoram) and Rakhine State of the Myanmar.

The main occupation of the Tanchangyas is jhum cultivation. In the past, massive jhum cultivation was the lone way of their living. But many of them are now literate and are employed in government and private services. Thus the profession of jhum cultivation gradually declined.

Tanchangyas celebrate ‘Bishu’ as a main enjoyable festival. Approximate 100,000 Tanchangya peoples are living in Bangladesh at this moment.